|Principles of braking
||Friction between braking surfaces converts kinetic energy into heat. In drum brakes, wheel cylinders force brake linings against the inside of the drum. In disc brakes, pads are forced against a brake disc.
|Drum & disc brakes
||Drum brakes have a brake shoe that expands against the inside of a drum. Disc brakes clamp a flat disc between two pads. An antilock braking system is a control system that applies maximum braking force without wheel-lock or skidding.
|Coefficient of friction
||The coefficient of friction is the measurement of friction between pairs of surfaces.
||A lever allows small efforts to overcome large loads – or vice versa, depending on the type of lever. The ratio between load and effort for any given lever is known as the Mechanical Advantage.
|Hydraulic pressure & force
||Hydraulic pressure is transmitted through liquid & can transmit increased force.
||Brake fade is the reduction in stopping power caused by a buildup of heat in the braking surfaces.
|Regenerative braking||Regenerative braking is any technology that allows a vehicle to recapture and store part of the kinetic energy that would ordinarily be lost when braking.|